Published on 28-Feb-2024

What is Mechanical Testing? A Complete Guide

What is Mechanical Testing? A Complete Guide

Sources - Applied Technical Services

Table of Content


What is Mechanical Testing or Material Testing?

Mechanical testing involves finding the strength of the material or quality of the material by application of load mechanically.

There are different mechanical tests for materials. They are the Tensile Test, Bend Test, Impact Test, Macro Etch Test, Micro Analysis, Intergranular Corrosion Test, Vickers Hardness Test, Brinell Hardness Test, and Spectro Chemical Analysis.

Mechanical Testing

What are the Types of Mechanical Testing?

There are 6 types of Mechanical Testing. Mechanical Testing plays a crucial role in understanding the behaviour and properties of materials under various conditions.

These tests provide essential data for engineers and researchers to assess the suitability, reliability, and performance of materials in different applications.

Here are six types of mechanical testing methods used to measure the strength and characteristics of materials:

1. Tensile Testing

Tensile Testing

Tensile Testing Determines the tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation of a material by subjecting it to axial tension until failure.

Key parameters include ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and modulus of elasticity.

2. Torsion Testing

Torsion Testing

Evaluates a material's resistance to twisting or torsional loading.

Provides insights into shear strength, modulus of rigidity, and ductility.

3. Fatigue Testing

Assesses a material's endurance limit and fatigue life by subjecting it to repeated cyclic loading.

Essential for predicting failure due to cyclic stresses, common in structural components.

4. Fracture Mechanics Testing

Fracture Mechanics Testing

Analyzes a material's resistance to crack propagation and fracture toughness.

Helps in understanding how defects and cracks affect the structural integrity of materials.

5. Compressive Testing

Compressive Testing

Determines the compressive strength and behaviour of materials under crushing or squashing loads.

Crucial for assessing the stability and load-bearing capacity of structures and components.

6. Creep Testing