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Ultrasonic NDT

Aircraft component inspection

Published on 23rd November 2020

Aircraft component inspection

Source: Aircraft component inspection | Eddyfi

Effect of the aperture on the SNR

Let's look at the detection of a fatigue crack (roughly a triangular shape 2-mm side) initiated at the borehole of a titanium beta component. The grain size is between 0.5 and 1.5 mm.

We compare apertures of 64, 32 and 16 elements all focused along the borehole at 65 mm. The probe is 5 MHz, has 64 elements, pitch of 0.6 m. We use a multi-group configuration on the Gekko (64 elements on the left, 32 in the middle and 16 on the right).

You can see the defect along the circle of the borehole. The big echo on the left is from the borehole. The ascans correspond to the maximum amplitude from the defect.

As we can see, as the aperture increases the SNR improves as well. A 16-element aperture cannot detect the defect, with a 32-element the defect could be missed as we only have a 2-to1 SNR and a 64-element gives a sufficient 12 dB SNR allowing the detection of the defect.

A bigger aperture can lower the minimum detection in noisy materials by improving the SNR.

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